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    TAF Italia - 0447 UTC

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    TAF Italia - 24 Jul 2017 - 0447 UTC

    ALGHEROLIEA232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT 9999 SCT030 BECMG 2409/2411 29015G25KT
    BARILIBD232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT CAVOK BECMG 2408/2410 06012KT BECMG 2412/2415 18014KT BECMG 2418/2420 24012KT
    BERGAMO ORIO AL SERIOLIME232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT 9999 SCT060 TEMPO 2400/2415 4000 TSRA BKN012CB
    BOLOGNALIPE232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT CAVOK BECMG 2400/2403 20013KT TEMPO 2412/2418 TSRA BECMG 2416/2418 VRB05KT
    CAPODICHINOLIRN232300Z 2400/2424 VRB04KT CAVOK BECMG 2408/2410 20012KT BECMG 2418/2420 VRB04KT
    CATANIA FONTANAROSSALICC232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT CAVOK BECMG 2408/2410 07012KT BECMG 2418/2420 VRB05KT
    CIAMPINOLIRA232300Z 2400/2424 VRB04KT CAVOK BECMG 2410/2412 23010KT BECMG 2418/2420 VRB04KT
    CROTONELIBC 
    ELMASLIEE232300Z 2400/2424 15010KT 9999 SCT030 TEMPO 2400/2403 SHRA BECMG 2409/2411 32015G25KT
    FALCONARALIPY232300Z 2400/2424 21008KT CAVOK BECMG 2407/2409 13012KT BECMG 2412/2415 23012KT
    FIUMICINOLIRF232300Z 2400/2506 VRB04KT 9999 SCT040 TEMPO 2400/2405 1500 BCFG BKN002 BECMG 2405/2407 16012KT
    GENOVA SESTRILIMJ232300Z 2400/2424 15012KT 9999 SCT015 BKN025 TEMPO 2408/2415 TSRA
    LAMPEDUSALICD231700Z 2318/2418 VRB05KT CAVOK BECMG 2412/2414 35010KT
    LINATELIML232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT 9999 SCT050 TEMPO 2400/2418 3000 TSRA BKN012CB
    MALPENSALIMC232300Z 2400/2506 VRB05KT 9999 SCT050 TEMPO 2400/2415 3000 TSRA BKN012CB
    OLBIA COSTA SMERALDALIEO232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT 9999 SCT030 BECMG 2408/2410 25015G25KT
    PALERMOLICJ232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT CAVOK BECMG 2408/2410 29014KT
    PESCARALIBP232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT CAVOK BECMG 2408/2410 05010KT BECMG 2418/2420 24010KT
    PISALIRP232300Z 2400/2424 11005KT 9999 SCT030 BECMG 2406/2408 21015KT TEMPO 2408/2417 21015G27KT 5000 TSRA FEW020CB BKN030
    REGGIO CALABRIALICR231700Z 2318/2418 36015KT CAVOK BECMG 2410/2412 18010KT
    TORINOLIMF232300Z 2400/2424 VRB05KT 9999 SCT060 PROB40 TEMPO 2400/2412 4000 TSRA
    URBELIRU 
    VENEZIA TESSERALIPZ232300Z 2400/2506 VRB06KT 9999 SCT030 TEMPO 2400/2406 SHRA TEMPO 2410/2418 3000 TSRA BECMG 2415/2418 03013KT BECMG 2500/2503 VRB05KT

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    ABBREVIATIONS

    -light
    +heavy
    /visual range follows
    A01autosite - no precip sensor
    A02autosite - precip sensor
    ACaltocumulus
    ACCaltocumulus castellanus
    ACSLaltocumulus standing lenticular cloud
    AMDamended
    ASaltastratus
    ASRaltimeter setting region
    AUTOautomated report
    BCpatches
    BECMGbecoming
    BKNbroken (5-7 oktas)
    BLblowing
    BLWbelow
    BRmist
    BTNbetween
    CAVOK+10KM NoCBs NoCloud -5000ft
    CBcumulonimbus cloud
    CBMAMcumulonimbus mammatus cloud
    CCcloud-cloud lightning
    CCSLcirrocumulus standing lenticular cloud
    CGcloud-ground lightning
    CHIcloud-height indicator
    CHINOsky condition at 2nd location not avail
    CIcirrus
    CIGceiling
    CITnear or over large towns
    CLDcloud
    CLRclear
    CLRDcleared contamination
    CONScontinuous
    CORcorrection
    CScirrostratus
    CUcumulus
    DRVR visibility going down
    DPdew point
    DRlow drifting
    DSduststorm
    DSNTdistant
    DUwidespread dust
    DUCdense upper cloud
    DZdrizzle
    Eeast
    EMBDembedded
    FCfunnel cloud
    FCSTforecast
    FEWfew clouds (1-2 oktas)
    FGfog
    FLflight level
    FMfrom
    FROPAfrontal passage
    FRQfrequent
    FTfeet
    FUsmoke
    FZfreezing
    FZRANOfreezing rain sensor out
    Ggust
    GRhail
    GSsmall hail
    HVYheavy
    HZhaze
    ICice crystals, in-cloud lightning
    INTSFintensifying
    IRVRinstrumented RVR
    ISOLisolated
    JTSTjet stream
    KMkilometer
    KMHkilometer per hour
    KTknots
    Lleft runway
    LANinland or over land
    LASTlast observation before break
    LCAlocally
    LDGlanding
    LSTLocal Standard Time
    LSQline squall
    LTGlightning
    LVlight and variable
    LWRlower
    Mminus
    MBmillibars
    METARaviation routine weather
    MIshallow
    MODmoderate
    MONabove or covering mountains
    MOVmoved/moving/movement
    MPSmeters per second
    MSminus
    MSLmean sea level
    MTmountains
    MTWmountain waves
    Nnorth
    N/Anot applicable
    NATnorth atlantic
    NCDno cloud detected
    NDVno directional variation
    NSWno significant weather
    NEnortheast
    NOSIGno significant change expected
    NOSPECIno SPECI reports are taken
    NWnorthwest
    NSCno significant cloud
    NSWno significant weather
    OCNLoccasional
    OVCovercast (8 oktas)
    OHDoverhead
    Pgreater than (plus)
    PEice pellets
    PK WNDpeak wind
    PNOprecipitation amount not available
    POdust/sand whirls (dust devils)
    PRpartial
    PROP30probability 30%
    PROP40probability 40%
    PRESFRpressure falling rapidly
    PRESRRpressure rising rapidly
    PSplus
    PWINOprecipitation identifier sensor not avail
    PYspray
    Rright runway
    RArain
    RMKremarks
    RRRocket Route
    RVRRunway Visual Range
    RWYrunway
    RVRNORVR system not available
    Ssouth
    SAsand
    SCSLstratocumulus standing lenticular cloud
    SCTscattered (3-4 oktas)
    SEsoutheast
    SEVsevere
    SFCsurface
    SGsnow grains
    SHshower(s)
    SKCsky clear
    SLPsea-level pressure
    SLPNOsea-level pressure not available
    SMstatute miles
    SNsnow
    SNOCLOrunway closed due to contamination
    SNINCRsnow increasing rapidly
    SPECIan unscheduled report taken
    SQsqualls
    SSsandstorm
    STNRstationary
    SWsouthwest
    TAFterminal aerodrome forecast
    TKOFtakeoff
    TCUtowering cumulus
    TLuntil
    TOPcloud top
    TROPtropopause
    TSthunderstorm
    TSNOthunderstorm information not available
    TWRtower
    URVR visibility going up
    UPunknown precipitation
    UTCtCoordinated Universal Time
    Vvariable
    VAvolcanic ash
    VCin the vicinity
    VISvisibility
    VISNOvisibility at secondary location not avail
    VRBvariable
    VSPvertical speed
    VVvertical visibility
    Wwest
    WG/SOWorking Group for Surface Observations
    WNDwind
    WSPDwind speed
    WSwind shear
    WSHFTwind shift
    WXweather
    Zzulu utc time

    RUNWAY REPORTS

    METAR Runway Reports may include runway reports which contain information about snow/water coverage and friction coefficient.
    A runway report consists of eight digits in five groups (RRRRERCReReRBRBR) with the following interpretation:

    RRRR

    Runway designator. The numerical identifier of the runway in question.
    88 means all runways, 99 indicates repetition of previous report.

    If there are two parallel runways, the right one is indicated by adding 50
    to its number. For example, runway 04L (or 04) is denoted by 04, whereas 54 means runway 04R.

    ER

    Type of deposit on runway.

    • 0: Clear and dry
    • 1: Damp
    • 2: Wet or puddles
    • 3: Frost
    • 4: Dry snow
    • 5: Wet snow
    • 6: Slush
    • 7: Ice
    • 8: Compacted snow
    • 9: Frozen ridges
    • /: Not reported
    CR

    Extent of deposit.

    • 1: 1-10%
    • 2: 11-25%
    • 5: 26-50%
    • 9: 51-100%
    eReR

    Depth of deposit.

    • 00: Less than 1mm
    • 01..90: depth in mm
    • 92: 10 cm
    • 93: 15 cm
    • 94: 20 cm
    • 95: 25 cm
    • 96: 30 cm
    • 97: 35 cm
    • 98: 40 cm
    • 99: Runway not in use
    BRBR

    Friction coefficient or braking action

    • 01..90: Friction coefficient times 100
      Example 37 indicates a friction coefficient of 0.37
    • 91: Poor braking action
    • 92: Poor/medium braking action
    • 93: Medium braking action
    • 94: Medium/good braking action
    • 95: Good braking action
    • 99: Unreliable measurement
    • //: Not given

    Note: CLRD may replace elements t, e and dd if the runway has been cleared of deposits. For example, 54CLRD95 means runway 04R cleared, braking action good.


    Military METAR Colour Codes

    BlackAirfield closed for non-Met reasons
    RED RedCloud under 200ft, and/or Visibility under 800m
    AMB AmberBetter than Red, but cloud under 300ft, and/or Visibility under 1600m
    YLO YellowBetter than Amber, but cloud under 700ft, and/or Visibility under 3700m.
    GRE GreenBetter than Yellow, but cloud under 1500ft, and/or Visibility under 5km
    WHT WhiteBetter than Green, but Cloud under 2500ft, and/or Visibility under 8km
    BLU BlueCloud 2500ft or above and Visibility 8km or more
    Cloud in this case is the lowest cloudbase designated as SCATTERED or worse.


    NOTE use of any of these pages are your own responsibility
    Always double check with other sources.


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